Introduction vulnerability due natural disasters and variability which is one of the components indicators used to calculate farmer’s livelihood vulnerability index (LVI). Once compiled then this data must be used to calculate each indicator. We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. It identifies the most vulnerable through a ranking system which take into account risk factors and the duration of homelessness. The chapter first presents the concepts of livelihoods, poverty, and inequality, and their relationships to each other and to climate change. Both indexes validly reflect the relative difference in terms to examining the vulnerability index of climate change and both could usefully form the basis for a nationally applicable The Vulnerability Index is administered in a form of a survey, which captures a homeless individual’s health and social status. We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. This study adopted the SLF (Sustainable Livelihood Framework) [4] to guide the assessment of livelihood vulnerability to SI. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) approach is a practical tool for assessing how vulnerable the sector is and which livelihood component contributes to its vulnerability. This livelihood lens also reveals how inequalities perpetuate poverty to shape differential vulnerabilities and in turn the differentiated impacts of climate change on individuals and societies. Application of livelihood vulnerability index in assessing smallholder maize farming households' vulnerability to climate change in Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.11.002. To be able to calculate an EVI requires the compilation of relevant environmental vulnerability data for the 50 indicators. Climate and Development: Vol. Index ranges between 0 and 3. the Multidimensional Livelihood Vulnerability Index (MLVI), using primary data gathered by the application of the VACA survey. A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. Method and Materials When constructing the livelihood Vulnerability index to assess the impacts of MGNREGS on asset creation in the study area, the following background studies are carefully reviewed. Furthermore, farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable in terms of adaptive capacity, taking into account the socio-demographic aspects, social networks, and livelihoods of households in the municipality than those in Techiman municipality. The index will shed new light on the different degrees and levels of household vulnerability introduced by the HIV and AIDS pandemic on household agriculture and food security. Abstract We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. Social vulnerability, sustainable livelihoods, and disasters – A report to DFID defining vulnerability and its role in livelihood support. Livelihood vulnerability index approach Vulnerability is one of the factors that determines whether people have risks to their livelihoods or not. Vulnerability is the human dimension of disasters and is the result of the range of economic, social, cultural, institutional, political and psychological factors that shape people’s lives and the environment that they live in (Twigg, 2004).. Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of Bihar This ranking allows those © 2017 Kasetsart University. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 1.1 Levels of Analysis Vulnerability assessment methodology is determined by the overarching conceptual framework chosen, including a definition of vulnerability that specifies risks for … (2017). index, sectorial vulnerability indices can be segregated to identify potential areas for intervention (Hahn et al. Index ranges between 0 and 2. eCalculated as sum of household scores (no =0, yes 1), based on the 3 variables: livestock, jewellery and stored food. The empirical results revealed that farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable to climate change and weather variability in terms of food, water, and health than those in Techiman municipality. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming households to climate change in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana by employing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index with particular emphasis on access to and utilization of water resources. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. These results have implications for the initiation and implementation of climate change adaptation and household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies, and other related organizations in the two municipalities in the region. The EVI is accumulated into three sub-indices: dCalculated as sum of household scores (no =0, yes 1), based on the 2 variables: possession of land and trees. “livelihood coping” given higher levels of vulnerability and more severe shocks (Maxwell et al., 2003). Index (HVI). Household livelihood security assessments: A toolkit for practitioners – Reviews CARE’s experience in assessing livelihoods using a variety of tools and techniques. Results suggest that Moma may be more vulnerable in terms of water resources while Mabote may be more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The livelihood challenges facing returnee households are mainly lack of enough livelihood activities, poor soils and related low yields, reintegration process which is still incomplete for some, incapacity to compete on labor market, and lack of land to cultivate. For example, SDP has four sub-components, so W SDP 2009; Sullivan 2002). The vulnerability scores for each indicator are then accumulated either into categories or sub-indices and the average calculated. The Risk equation is known to be Risk = Hazard X Vulnerability. and Huntingford C. (2009) Water Resources, Climate Change and Human Vulnerability Proceedings of the MODSIM Conference, Cairns, July 2009. Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change: The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) In modeling the vulnerability to climate change by smallholder maize farming households, the balance weighted approach was employed by computing the LVI as developed by Hahn et al. An overall average of all indicators is calculated to generate the country EVI. The Multidimensional Livelihood Vulnerability Index – an instrument to measure livelihood vulnerability to change in the Hindu Kush Himalayas. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index: A pragmatic approach to assessing risks from climate variability and change—A case study in Mozambique. E.g. These were combined into vulnerability indices and mapped as vulnerability … Livelihood coping strategies can have longer-term negative effects on a household. According toIPPC (2007), the vulnerability assessment measures the ability of the community to respond to hazard and or secure their livelihood. Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. 2009). where LVI b is the livelihood vulnerability index for the block b, and the weightage of the eight major components, W Mi, determined by the number of subcomponents that make up each major component, contribute equally to the overall LVI (Hahn et al. CDC Social Vulnerability Index. Climate change is adversely affecting smallholder farming households in Africa and in particular in Ghana because their activity depends on climate-regulated water resources. The Climate Vulnerability Index (CVI) and an illustration of its application to Mongolia Caroline A Sullivan 12 and Erdenemunkh Byambaa 1 Water is the primary medium through which climate change influences Earth’s ecosystem and thus the livelihood and well-being of societies ” (WWAP, 2012). In the SLF, Vulnerability Context is a major determinant of sustainability of livelihood assets as it directly influences livelihood strategies, institutional process, and livelihood outcomes of the community [3, 5, 7]. In this study, the LVI is scaled from 0 (least vulnerable) to 0.5 (most vulnerable). The primary data were based on 150 maize farming households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall and temperature over the period 1983–2013. 1. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. poverty. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2017.06.009. b) A computerized statistical tool for computing HVI. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Livelihood Vulnerability index was developed which includes social vulnerability, infrastructure development, biophysical conditions, climate, agriculture and livestock, and transportation (Fig 1). developed the Livelihood Assessment Tool-kit (LAT). Average approach was used where each subcomponent contributed equally to the overall.! Secure their Livelihood No 5 pp 69–78, 30, 1195-1210, 1195-1210 climate variability and change—A study... Reducing social vulnerability refers to the overall Index a measure of the VACA.. 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