David Russell (18), a Protestant, and Gerard Craig (17), both from the Shantallow area, died when a bomb intended for the Superfare store on Greenhaw Road exploded prematurely while they were carrying it the supermarket’s car park on the … [1], The Command Staff, through their Officer Commanders, operated active service units in the four republican strongholds of the city: Bogside/Brandywell district, Creggan, Waterside and Shantallow. The lower layer was the Command Staff, which includes the quarter-master, the engineering department, the financial department and internal affairs, the latter to deal with informers. There is no campaign by conscientious Derry citizens to boycott the businesses of IRA members who engaged in mass murder of their fellow civilians over 30 years. On 12 th August 1969 Derry City exploded into violence and running battles that would eventually become known as the Battle of The Bogside after the Annual Relief of the City Parade held by the Apprentice Boys. Eamon Sweeney (eamon.sweeney@jpress.co.uk) writing for the Derry Journal examines a Derry dimension of the IRA pension in the 1930s. 20 April 1994: an RUC officer was killed when the IRA fired a horizontal mortar at a British Army/RUC mobile patrol in the Waterside area of Derry. Several other RUC officers were injured. But in Derry you'll just as easily run into them shopping at a supermarket. Credit: PA The group's roots can be traced back to the mid-1990s when the Real IRA split after disagreements over a ceasefire. An intensive search recovered the attackers' van at Glendara Park but failed to round up any suspects. 14 December 1993: two soldiers were wounded by a trip wire bomb blast in a fence at a railway bordering. The Derry Brigade was one of the most active groups in the IRA.[2]. 11 June 1997: an undercover British Army unit on a stationary van received small arms fire from IRA volunteers riding on another van on Foyle Road in Derry. This list includes members of the Provisional IRA as well as subsequent splinter groups including the Continuity IRA and the Real IRA. A man walks past graffiti that has been amended to read “IRA are done” in the Creggan area of Derry in Northern Ireland on April 20, 2019 close to where Lyra McKee was shot. Beneath him was the ten-men Derry Brigade Command, made of experienced IRA volunteers, among them one or two prominent Sinn Féinpoliticians. "Four To Be Hanged For Irish Ambush; Fifth Prisoner Convicted by Court-Martial Gets Life Sentence on Account of His Age". The Derry Brigade also known as the South Derry Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) operated in Derry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, during the Troubles. Soldiers launched dawn raids throughout Northern Ireland on 9 August 1971, sparking four days of violence in which 20 civilians, two IRA members and two British soldiers were killed. It exploded prematurely, killing all of them, two lorry drivers and four customs staff. The Real IRA went on to carry out … At that time, they were all reporting to a well-known IRA Commander in Derry, nicknamed “Ducksie”. The Brigade strength was … The Derry Brigade was organised in three different levels. 1920. ETA: Basque Conflict: September … Thomas Ashe Mellon (44), of Rathmore Road in the city is due before Derry Magistrates’ Court for a first appearance this morning to face a total of three charges. Dangerous remnant of darker days The Belfast-based New IRA — with members across the UK and Ireland — is now seen as the most dangerous dissident republican faction. The SDIRU was active from 1973 up until 1976 when the unit merged with the Provisional IRA's South Derry brigade. According to McDowell, Sinn Fein TD Martin Ferris, Gerry Adams and Martin McGuinness were all members of the IRA Army Council. The group resulted from the merger of the Real Irish Republican Army, Republican Action Against Drugs, and several smaller dissident republican groups. Despite previous warnings he continued to work for the UDR, and that was the reason he was targeted.". They were supported by units in the Republic and the bulk of the IRA's First Battalion in South Armagh. The lower layer was the Command Staff, which includes the quarter-master, the engineering department, the financial department and internal affairs, the latter to deal with informers. Beneath him was the ten-men Derry Brigade Command, made of experienced IRA volunteers, among them one or two prominent Sinn Féin politicians. All of those arrested were Irish nationalists, the majority of them Catholic. A small IRA battalion existed in Derry since the Troubles began,[citation needed] but it never had a steady number of volunteers until Bloody Sunday, which saw an influx of new recruits. The highest position was occupied by the Brigade's officer commanding, the top IRA ranking in the city. Martina Anderson joined the IRA in 1979 with a number of other teenage girls, initially hanging around in a small unit of older men some of whom – friends of mine - had already served prison sentences. Like most republican groups, the New IRA’s primary goals are to oppose the non … The New IRA was established in 2012 when members of the Real IRA, Republican Action Against Drugs and a number of independent republicans came together. During the time the unit was active it was not a part any larger Republican paramilitary like the Official IRA, Provisional IRA, or the INLA known as the People's Liberation Army (PLA) from 1974 - 1976. That other old self-confessed IRA gunman from the 1970s, Raymond McCartney, who stands accused of informing on his fellow IRA members after his first arrest – see here – claimed to the Bloody Sunday Inquiry that within a matter of weeks of his joining the IRA as a very junior volunteer after Bloody Sunday he knew the entire command staff of the Derry Brigade of the IRA – but was refusing to … Police say Thomas Ashe Mellon and Fergal Melaugh are prominent members of the New IRA. Newry customs bombing: three Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) members walked into a customs office Newry with a bomb. For earlier groups such as the, The Official Irish Republican Army & Post-Independence: 1922-present. The security forces described his death as a "freak accident" as he was a quarter of a mile from the bomb, which was targeting security forces. With the outbreak of the Troubles, the three found themselves among the most senior IRA members in Derry. This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 12:50. The biggest threat to the peace process occurred in 1997, when senior IRA members, led by the quarter-master general, Mickey McKevitt, resigned from the Provisionals and formed the Real IRA. [238] This rioting lasted for three days and is widely seen as the start of the Troubles or Northern Ireland conflict.. … Peadar O'Donnell who led the Derry and Donegal IRA in the 1920's. IRA members arrested across Ireland. The rules about claiming the pension changed regularly; Questions centred on the ‘loyalties’ of the Derry Battalion during the Civil War; Peadar O’Donnell was in charge in Derry and Donegal ; It is very … The second vehicle in the patrol was completely destroyed. This article is about members of the Irish Republican Army since 1916/1917. Memorial to members of the IRA's Derry Brigade The IRA was responsible for more deaths than any other organisation during the Troubles. THE director of the Pat Finucane Centre Paul O’Connor has denied that he was present when a teenage IRA member was shot and fatally wounded in Derry in 1971. 23 January 1993: an RUC officer was shot and killed while on a foot patrol at Shipquay Street, Derry. Police say Thomas Ashe Mellon and Fergal Melaugh are prominent members of the New IRA. The new Biden/ Harris administration will provide a moment of relief, hope and opportunity for people across the world but particularly in Ireland, Foyle MP Colum Eastwood has said. M ellon - who is on a 10-year MI5 terror watch-list - is … The Derry Brigade was organised in three different levels. Because of the withdrawal of the police from nationalist areas in 1969, the rushed implementation of Operation Demetrius and flawed … The New Irish Republican Army (New IRA) is a republican paramilitary group that formed in 2012. The IRA members involved in Patsy’s murder and mass murder generally have settled into bourgeois businesses and landlordship in Derry warmly supported and admired by locals. ... occurring just days after it held an armed show of strength in the city of Derry. In prison, Bettaney became close to IRA prisoners and revealed that the British had a highly-placed spy in Derry close to McGuinness. In July of 2005, McDowell expressed his belief that Adams, McGuinness and Ferris had recently vacated their positions on the council. A Real IRA slogan painted on a wall in Derry. It was one of the IRA's most active brigades, and an estimated 2% of the city's 50,000 Catholic population was imprisoned for IRA activities between 1971 and 1986.citation needed 17% of all British military fatalities in the conflict … 8 March 1989: two British soldiers were killed and six others badly wounded when their vehicle struck a massive IRA landmine on the Buncrana Road in Derry. [237] Two detailed studies of deaths in the Troubles, the Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN), and the book Lost Lives , differ slightly on the numbers killed by the IRA and the total number of conflict deaths. The highest position was occupied by the Brigade's officer commanding, the top IRA ranking in the city. Two teenage IRA members killed by their own bomb in Derry 40 years ago today will be remembered at commemoration ceremony being held in the city tonight. But in Derry you'll just as easily run into them shopping at a supermarket. It is broken down in sub-lists of various organisations known as the IRA. IRA members in Derry in what is now Creggan. The South Derry Independent Republican Unit can refer to two Irish Republican guerrilla units who operated at two different times in the Northern Irish Troubles .The first operated from c.1973 1978 and included members such as Dominic McGlinchey Aiken was first elected to Dáil Éireann in 1923 and would remain in politics until 1973. Seven suspected members of an IRA splinter group have been charged with terrorism following police raids last week. By Patrick Concannon. Her older… 28 January 1990: a civilian (Charles Love) was killed when he was hit by debris when an IRA bomb exploded on Derry's walls during a march to commemorate Bloody Sunday. PIRA: The Troubles: August 29 Assassination 1 0 Vizcaya, Spain Eloy García Cambra a municipal police with family were shot dead by ETA militants in bus station. In 2019, many former members of Oglaigh na hEireannalso joined the New IRA. In recent times, the members have been mainly from Northern Ireland and the Border counties. [1], Notable IRA actions within the brigade's operational area, "Derry man handed 10-year jail sentence for IRA terrorist offences - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk", "A Draft Chronology of the Conflict – 1994", Peter Heathwood Collection of television programs: 1994, "Derry man handed 10-year jail sentence for IRA terrorist offences", "IRA gun attack in Derry may put SF talks at risk", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Provisional_IRA_Derry_Brigade&oldid=993403545, Provisional Irish Republican Army Brigades, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 14 April 1974 – Captain Anthony Pollen of the, 18 December 1975: two British soldiers, Cyril McDonald (aged 43) and Colin McInnes (aged 20), were killed in a bomb attack on the, 28 August 1986: Mervyn Bell, a civilian contractor to the British Army, was shot dead by the IRA while sitting in stationary car outside his father's workplace, council depot, Strand Road, Derry. The Derry Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) operated in the city of Derry, Northern Ireland, during the Troubles. List of members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, Fourth Northern Division of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), Former Chief of Staff of the Provisional IRA, "Internment, the IRA and the Lawless Case in Ireland: 1957-61", CAIN: Peter Heathwood Collection of Television Programmes - 1993 - BBC Northern Ireland News 10 September 1993, http://www.anphoblacht.com/news/detail/22942, Timeline of Official Irish Republican Army actions, Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_members_of_the_Irish_Republican_Army&oldid=1000566194, Provisional Irish Republican Army members, Irish Republican Army (1919–1922) members, Irish Republican Army (1922–1969) members, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 17:35. A medal was struck by former IRA members to commemorate those who were part of the organisation in Derry between 1969 and 1972. • Frank Aiken (1898–1983), a founding member of Fianna Fáil; commanded the Fourth Northern Division of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) during the War of Independence. The Belfast and Derry IRA For various reasons, including some difficulties with infiltration in Belfast, the IRA altered its units in Belfast and Derry city into smaller cells by the mid-1970s. They include members of the New IRA's political wing, the 32 County Sovereignty Movement. While the SDIRU was active it carried out ambushes & sniper attacks on British Army patrols … Love was a member of. Two Saoradh activists from Londonderry are also in the leadership of the New IRA in the city, security sources have told BBC Spotlight. This is a list of members of the Irish Republican Army. 23 May 1994: an IRA team used a motor boat stolen from Foyle Search and Rescue to cross. New IRA chief Thomas Mellon has been accused of ordering two shootings in Derry in an effort to quell a revolt against his leadership. The Provisional IRA continued its campaign of violence in the city, and the Irish National Liberation Army, a group formed of disaffected members of the Official IRA formed in 1974 a few months after the officials called off their armed campaign, made a big presence in Derry. [1] The Brigade strength was around 50 active members. THE suspected leader of the New IRA in Derry and two other dissident republicans are to appear in court today on notification breaches. No injuries were reported, but 30 families were evacuated from the area as army technical experts performed forensic examinations on the abandoned vehicle. The IRA rejected claims that the killing was sectarian, stating: "The man's religion is of no interest to us. The city struck by former IRA members in Derry with the Provisional IRA as well as subsequent splinter including... 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