World War II Under the command of Maj. Gen. Lloyd E. Jones, the 10th Light Division (Alpine) was constituted on July 10, 1943, and activated on July 15, at Camp Hale, Colorado. The collection at Denver Public Library includes: Use the Name Lookup Index to determine if a person was a member of the 10th Mountain Division, and the company or Regiment with which he served. THE CAPTURE OF MOUNT BELVEDERE cost the 10th Mountain Division a total of 923 casualties: 192 killed in action, 730 wounded, and one prisoner of war. The 10th turned the tide for the Allies in Italy, revolutionized winter mountain warfare & transformed winter sports. The 10th Mountain Division—a full division of the United States Army specializing in mountain and winter warfare—trained at Camp Hale, Colorado during World War II. Glancing into the cavity, I recognize the stump of the spinal cord. The three mountains overlook Highway 64, one of the few roads then cutting through the Apennines, connecting the region around Florence to the south—which had been held by the Allies since the previous fall—to Bologna in the north, in the northern third of Italy still controlled by the Germans. In early 1945, the 10th Mountain Division helped crack the so-called Winter Line, the last major German defenses in northern Italy. “Hell no, we don’t need any help here,” Hay replied. “For the next ten minutes, I just kept moving,” Evans recalled, “throwing grenades and firing my machine pistol. World War II's Ski Troops: Fight for Mt. By the end of 1942, the ski troops, now expanded to two regiments, had their own newly constructed training camp, Camp Hale, high in the Colorado Rockies. This was the Army's first air operation from a naval vessel since the Doolittle Raid of World War II. However, it did not go overseas and demobilized in February 1919 at Camp Funston, Kansas. Weather-beaten and plainspoken, Hays reminded one of the soldiers gathered before him that day of a tough old cowhand. It was raised early in the Second World War, blooded in Alaska against the Japanese, and made its mark in history in the Italian Campaign. Fischer was badly wounded, with a bullet through his lungs, and kept repeating, “Oh God. Some of the division's brigades received more or fewer decorations depending on their individual deployments. This documentary is a tribute to the U.S. Army's 10th Mountain Division. They drove ahead, remembering General Hays’s injunction, “always forward,” while leaving a trail of dead and wounded comrades. Nevertheless, I’m glad to see them.” Spotters on Riva Ridge called in barrages from field artillery on German counterattackers. Geography dictated that European armies needed to take alpine fighting seriously since so many national borders ran along the crest of mountains. The mission of the Tenth Mountain Division Foundation is to honor and perpetuate the legacy of the soldiers of the 10th Mountain Division. This is the most horrible sight I’ve ever seen. We have a great online selection at the lowest prices with Fast & Free shipping on many items! Throughout the daylight hours, American P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers and British Spitfire fighters buzzed overhead, bombing, rocketing, or napalming any German soldiers or guns they spotted. With the organization of a third regiment, they gained divisional status in July 1943. The regiment walked uphill in two long single files. The pep talk helped. Belvedere had left him with an abiding hatred of war. THE STORY OF the 10th Mountain Division began five years earlier, in the late winter of 1940, when prominent American skiers and mountaineers began to warn military authorities of the potential threat German alpine troops posed should the United States become involved in the European war that had broken out the previous fall. Dubbed the "ski troops" by the press, the 10th Mountain Division remains the only military division recruited by a civilian organization, the National Ski Patrol. In four months of combat, the division never failed to take its objectives, nor were the mountain troopers ever driven from any objective they had taken. B. Feuer. Apennines, connecting the region around Florence to the south—which had been held by the Allies since the previous fall—to Bologna in the north, in the northern third of Italy still controlled by the Germans. Prayed in my foxhole and read my Bible. For an excellent chronology of the 10th Mountain Division's creation, battles, and current history see the website of the 10th Mountain Division Association, Inc. at www.10thmtndivassoc.org.. The last German who got up and yelled ‘, Dug in on crest of ridge with [Turman] Oldman. See more ideas about mountains in italy, 10th mountain division, wwii. Unlike their commander, though, they were not seasoned soldiers; their division was the next-to-last the U.S. Army would send to fight in Europe. See more ideas about mountains in italy, 10th mountain division, wwii. The Resource Center is the official repository for all records and artifacts related to the World War II-era 10th Mountain Division. But they couldn’t take the summit; on the night of February 23-24, the 86th’s 3rd Battalion, under the command of Major John Hay Jr., 28—a former National Park ranger from Montana—relieved them. Bodies lie on Belvedere’s slopes at sunset on the first day of attack. Allied control of the skies contributed to declining German morale. To the west of Belvedere, across a valley, lay a somewhat higher and—on the side facing the Americans—much steeper three-and-a-half-mile-long ridgeline. After darkness fell on Sunday night, February 18, the men from units of the 86th would set off up four of the five trails to the summit of Riva Ridge. Close to 1,000 would die. In the end, when the men of the 10th finally shipped out to Italy in December 1944 and January 1945, they left the skis behind and, once on the front lines, conducted only a few skiing patrols in the Northern Apennines, with scrounged equipment. Coincidentally, during this quarantine period, I have been working diligently on editing a documentary about the 10th Mountain Division. Following the war, the division was deactivated, reactivated, and redesigned as the 10th Infantry Division in 1948. Below: troops of the 87th Regiment’s F Company—one holding a German helmet—assemble before a bombed building. The 10th distinguished itself in Italy during WWII by defeating German positions in the rugged mountains of northern Italy. Now it was the 10th’s turn. C Company of 1st Battalion was in the forefront of the assault there, where the fighting began around 3 a.m. Second Lieutenant Herbert Wright was C Company’s executive officer and remembered taking shelter in a wooded slope below Gorgolesco when the Germans discovered their location. In the early morning light, Evans spotted his platoon sergeant and close friend, Technical Sergeant Robert Fischer, lying on the ground, next to another soldier who was holding his hand, trying to comfort him. C Company of 1st Battalion was in the forefront of the assault there, where the fighting began around 3 a.m. Second Lieutenant Herbert Wright was C Company’s executive officer and remembered taking shelter in a wooded slope below Gorgolesco when the Germans discovered their location. I felt no remorse doing it, almost pleasure. Soon after the two men arrived, the Germans launched a counterattack: I managed to get in a dugout during part of the shelling, but when the Krauts started to assault us, I got in a shallow slit trench & started firing. From their hiding places in the valley below, the soldiers looked up at the wall of shale looming more than 3,000 feet above them. The strangest organization attached to the 10th Mountain was the Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop. What also helped was the specialized training the men of the 10th had undergone back in the States, learning how to fight on mountainous terrain and in cold weather. The 10th Mountain Division, the first mountain warfare unit in U.S. history, no longer exists as a designated “mountain unit.” Nevertheless, the story of the 10th, which undertook some of the most daring missions in U.S. military history, is nothing short of miraculous. Photo: Courtesy of AMWS. In three days, the soldiers of the 85th and the division’s two other regiments were slated to attack Germans holding the high ground of 3,800-foot Mount Belvedere and adjacent peaks in Italy’s Northern Apennines. Search the website, Search for books and materials in the Library Catalog, Search for photographs, maps, historical documents and more, Search newspapers, local histories, biographical works, newsletters and journals, Search for papers and materials in the Archival Collections. In 1987, Denver Public Library partnered with History Colorado and the National Association of the 10th Mountain Division to create the 10th Mountain Division Resource Center. 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