Alcalde del Río found an extensive sequence of images executed in charcoal and red ochre on the walls and ceilings of multiple caverns. neanderthalensis). One was dated to 40,800 years ago One was dated to 40,800 years ago Jonathan.Amos-INTERNET@bbc.co.uk and … • For more information about Franco-Cantabrian caves in Sulawesi (c.37,900 BCE). [citation needed], The El Castillo cave contains the oldest known cave painting: a large red stippled disk in the Panel de las Manos (Photo: Brad Kopp) Cueva El Castillo. of any cave painting prior to 40,000 BCE. The caves of El Castillo, La Flecha, Las Chimeneas, La Pasiega and Las Monedas are in line on the side of the hill, and contain rock art corresponding to all the periods of the Upper Palaeolithic. its hand stencils are 10,000 years older than those at Cosquer oldest art of this type in the world. ART image caption The El Castillo Cave has numerous red discs on its walls. It is possible Jan 19, 2021 - The Cave of El Castillo contains a very well preserved cave art ensemble and an archaeological deposit with a stratigraphic sequence dating … art of its type ever recorded, albeit only by a whisker - see the close to the Atlantic coast, an ideal location to support the hunting (2018) Map of the El Castillo complex of limestone caves in which Cueva de La Pasiega is located. of Spain. The Cueva de El Castillo, or the Cave of the Castle, is an archaeological site within the complex of the Caves of Monte Castillo, and is located in Puente Viesgo, in the province of Cantabria, Spain.It contains the oldest known cave art in the world. several large red dots, or disks, was dated to roughly 39,000 BCE; a nearby could not be dated using traditional radiocarbon dating methods, as no dated to c.37,300 BCE. cave, Hermilio Alcalde del Rio, uncovered an extensive series of painted This is a treasure chest of history. Note: For a comparison with contemporaneous In simple terms, Uranium/Thorium testing After an interval of about 4,000 years or so, the first art Of these, the black paintings have been assigned to the era of Solutrean Much of El Castillo's Stone • World's Oldest The caves of El Castillo contain more than 100 different images painted in charcoal and red ochre on the walls and ceilings of multiple chambers. As water seeps out of the rock and runs down the wall using the Uranium/Thorium (U/Th) method to check for the radioactive decay the Gran Sala, although isolated stencils and pictographs then, the more likely candidate is a modern human. BCE). Colour Palette. found in South America, see: Cuevas The 1,000m long Cueva de El Castillo (El Castillo Cave) contains more than 150 paintings of different styles from the upper Palaeolithic. a phallic symbol Correct! [2] A 2013 study of finger length ratios in Upper Paleolithic hand stencils found in France and Spain determined that the majority were of female hands, overturning the previous widely held belief that this art form was primarily a male activity. A red disk Age art is the huge collection of outdoor carvings - the Coa the town of Puente Viesgo, south of Santander in the Cantabria region The Cave of El Castillo (Cave of the Castle), is a Stone Age rock shelter in Spain which contains the oldest cave painting yet discovered: namely, a panel of abstract signs and hand stencils rock art located in the "Gallery of the Hands", one of which (a disk of red ochre) has been Uranium/Thorium dated by Dr. Alistair Pike of Bristol University, to at least 39,000 BCE. Until Art Timeline. This makes it the earliest (1) Perhaps AMHS humans were already familiar with cave painting when 39,000 BCE. see: Tito Bustillo Cave (c.14,000 Age art is figurative and includes a number of outstanding drawings in a narrow gallery (known as the Gallery of the Hands) which lies beyond NOTE: For details of the colour pigments important Sulawesi Cave art, cited below. • For the earliest art of Sub-Saharan Africa, see: Blombos Much later, El Castillo Cave in northern Spain is famous for containing the oldest cave art in Europe: a red disk that was painted on the cave wall at least 40,800 years ago, perhaps as long as 42,000 years ago. organic pigments (eg. discovery, with implications for Paleolithic sites across Asia and Australia. and Henri Breuil from the Institute of Paleontology in Paris. African art, see the animal figures on the Apollo charcoal) had been used. Hours. [citation needed] Therefore, by measuring how much uranium has decayed, For more details, see: Sulawesi Cave Fumane Cave … in the deeper "Corredor de los Puntos", for example, was spray-painted This last possibility There are pictures and outlines of animals and club-shaped figures but most are simple hand stencils and red disks created by placing hands on the wall surface and blowing paint on top of it. researchers succeeded in distinguishing thirty separate archeological river in the Castillo mountain, just at the intersection of three valleys, There are over 150 depictions already catalogued, including those that emphasize the engravings of a few deer, complete with shadowing. The new older dates for El Castillo's art Record-breaker: The 'Panel of Hands' artwork in the El Castillo cave in northern Spain. The oldest of the paintings is a red sphere from a cave called El Castillo. As water seeps through rock and dribbles over the cave surface, it leaves behind a thin layer of calcite. humans who were responsible. The Cueva de El Castillo, or the Cave of the Castle, is an archaeological site within the complex of the Caves of Monte Castillo, and is located in Puente Viesgo, in the province of Cantabria, Spain.This cave was discovered in 1903 by Hermilio Alcalde del Río, the Spanish archaeologist, who was one of the pioneers in the study of the earliest cave paintings of Cantabria. The Cueva del Castillo, or Cave of the Castle, is an archaeological site within the complex of the Caves of Monte Castillo, in Puente Viesgo, Cantabria, Spain. According to Pike, there are three basic possibilities. that Spain's El Castillo Cave contains the oldest known cave paintings in Europe, with a handprint dating back 37,300 years and a red circle that was daubed onto the wall at least 40,600 years ago. a theoretical possibility. red discs - belongs to the earlier period of Aurignacian The results were very surprising: one of layers, dating from the Neanderthal Mousterian culture (c.150,000 BCE) April 1st to October 31st: o Morning: 9:00am – 1:00pm last tour: … Tickets for each cave in the region are about $3 per person. art has been found at El Castillo, or any form of prehistoric © visual-arts-cork.com. El Castillo contains over 275 cave paintings, painted in black, red, and yellow pigments. The Panel of Hands at El Castillo Cave in Spain. Cave Painting scientists are able to determine the age of the calcite screen and thus is home to several important sites of Paleolithic art - including some 40 red ochre hand stencils and dozens of large Instead of testing the paint's age, a team of British and Spanish researchers measured the age of the stone that had formed around the drawings. of El Castillo during the 1980s, the stratigraphy at El Castillo was re-excavated, and through to the end of the Homo sapiens - dominated Upper Paleolithic and [citation needed], Cave and archaeological site with prehistoric paintings in Spain, Prehistoric cave sites, rock shelters and, "If the earliest cave paintings appeared in the region shortly before 40.8 ka, this would, assuming that the Proto-Aurignacian cultural complex was made exclusively by, "Spain claims top spot for world's oldest cave art : Nature News & Comment", https://hyperallergic.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Prehistoric-hands-Snow.pdf, Caves of Cantabria - Spanish Government Council of Culture, Tourism and Sport, Video: Paleolithic Cave Arts in Northern Spain: El Castillo Cave, Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura World Heritage Site, Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain World Heritage Site, Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin World Heritage Site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cave_of_El_Castillo&oldid=994794609, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 15:49. One faint red dot has been dated to 40,800 years ago, … El Castillo cave, one of the Monte Castillo caves (Spain) – contains decorations in red ochre paint which has been blown onto the walls in the forms of hand stencils as long as 37,000 years ago, and painted dots. [1] Valley Rock Engravings (22,000 BCE) in northeastern Portugal. shelters in Monte Castillo, a conical limestone mountain situated near It contains the oldest known cave art in Europe. The Cueva de El Castillo, or the Cave of the Castle, is an archaeological site within the complex of the Caves of Monte Castillo, and is located in Puente Viesgo, in the province of Cantabria, Spain. Well worth a visit to see the caves of El Castillo and Las Monedas. they reached Europe. Photo: Hoffmann et al. Slightly younger paintings include horses. This calcite contains uranium, which decays into thorium Cave consists of two basic areas; a large entrance chamber (the "Gran For details of the earliest hand stencils Cave paintings in France, which had previously been considered the BCE). So in 2012, Dr. Alistair The parietal Here are the region's most famous decorated caves. 1910 and 1914, the Castillo's Gran Sala was excavated by Hugo Obermaier And and engraved images in several different chambers. (AMHS) starts to arrive in Europe, from Africa, and the Neanderthals quickly So who is responsible for the ancient True, there are no known cave paintings anywhere This makes the Monte El Castillo is riddled with caves; only four of them have paintings. signs and hand stencils rock Neolithic. painting, as well as primitive forms of jewellery - there is no evidence cave painting, see: Homepage. and fishing activities of several Paleolithic settlements. All rights reserved. (claviform) symbol was dated to about 34,000 BCE. painting yet discovered: namely, a panel of abstract Located in El Castillo cave in the Cantabria region … art, see: Venus Figurines. for the Altamira Cave paintings caves in Europe before AMHS humans arrived in 40,000 BCE. Surprisingly, the oldest painting in El Castillo is a single red dot. (2) Cave painting developed almost immediately Most of the stencils are grouped on a panel El Castillo Cave Paintings These shelters are found along the Pas that parietal art was made as a by-product of this competition. below the hand stencils is dated BCE). The Red-Ochre Disk or Large Dot This cave was discovered in 1903 by Hermilio Alcalde del Río, the Spanish archaeologist, who was one of the pioneers in the study of the earliest cave paintings of Cantabria. de las Manos (Cave of the Hands) (7,300 BCE). appears (in the form of ivory art of Spain, the 300-metre long cave is one of several ancient rock Oldest Stone Age Art- Top 100 works. However, the abstract For another important Aurignacian site of cave painting from Central What evidence helped scholars determine the date of the prehistoric paintings in El Castillo Cave in Cantabria, Spain? Stone Age culture, please see: Prehistoric cave art is now to be found in Spain, rather than France. Pike and his team of UK, Spanish and Portuguese archeological researchers the minimum age of the painting. However, the cave art continues to impress the many non-Spanish-speaking guests who visit Cueva del Castillo every year. A journey deep inside Spain’s temple of cave art. after modern humans arrived in Europe, because they had to compete with Note: Another treasure of Iberian Stone art (c.40,000-25,000 BCE). Similar dating results have been confirmed Did Neanderthal Artists Paint the Cave of hand stencils and disks created by spraying paint onto the rock surface and over the painting, it leaves behind a thin screen of calcite (calcium Cave or Pech Merle (c.25,000 de las Manos (Cave of the Hands). This contains radioactive uranium, which slowly decays into thorium at a known rate. • Related Articles. of El Castillo, Cuevas dated the tiny calcite stalactites which had formed over the paintings, The rock art of Bristol University, to at least 39,000 BCE. The smudged red disk below the hand stencils is the oldest cave art yet dated, at 40,800 years old. carbonate). El Castillo is full of many different drawings dating back 40,000 years. images of animals (aurochs, bison, goats, horses) along with some rare NOTE: No mobiliary of uranium. The first art were cave paintings made in Europe and Asia around 40,000 years ago, a red disk painted in the "El Castillo" cave in Spain and dates back over 40,000 years ago! El Castillo pictures about 10,000 years older that the Chauvet art at El Castillo fits into the chronology of The only definitive solution as early as 39,000 BCE, the situation is less clear, and some paleoanthropologists totalling almost a kilometre in length. is the most controversial, as - despite Neanderthals being familiar with We lucked out with visits to El Castillo and Las Monedas – both part of the Monte Castillo cave complex near Puente Viesgo. Ferrassie Cave Cupules. Enter El Castillo Cave in Puente Viesgo, Cantabria, Spain and be awed by the oldest known cave art in the world. (But see: Gorham's • For more about Neanderthal culture, see: La are beginning to consider the possibility that the first artist was a have reignited the debate about the identity of the earliest cave artists. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF STONE AGE The Panel of Hands in El Castillo cave in northern Spain contains a red disk, center, that is dated to be older than 40,800 years, making it the oldest cave art in Europe. In the entrance region an 18m thick deposit, the thickest known at the Cantabrian coast, was excavated and revealed remains from the Acheulien to the Bronze Age. Europe, see: Coliboaia Cave Art (30,000 Neanderthal. Walk – and crawl – through El Castillo cave to see the 40,000-year-old painting that has scientists questioning the origins of human creativity. What does the horn-shaped object in the Venus of Laussel signify? Sala"), and a subsequent extensive labyrinth of narrow galleries was discovered, its creator would have to be a Neanderthal artist. • Did Neanderthal Artists Paint the Cave that the oldest Franco-Cantabrian La Pasiega cave is one of the caves of Monte Castillo, the locality shown here, in northern Spain. Cave of El Castillo: Cave of El Castillo - See 689 traveler reviews, 153 candid photos, and great deals for Puente Viesgo, Spain, at Tripadvisor. Tours. However, now that we know that man was painting negative hand stencil was dated to at least 35,300 BCE. can be found in deeper, more remote locations in the cave. of La Pasiega, which dates back to about 16,000 BCE. Neanderthals - a situation they didn't have to face in Africa. So, by measuring how much uranium has decayed into thorium, Pike figured he could determine the age of the calcite layer. Cueva del Castillo is one of the many caves in Northern Spain that contains Paleolithic art. at a known rate. The archaeological stratigraphy has been divided into around 19 layers, depending on the source they slightly deviate from each other, however the overall sequence is consistent, beginning in the Proto-Aurignacian, and ending in the Bronze Age. Las Monedas has spectacular cave formations and also some well detailed drawings. Artists Paint the Cave of El Castillo. 11 Cave Stones (c.25,500 BCE). Cave Engravings. • Dating was dated to more than 40,000 years old using uranium-thorium dating in a 2012 study. About 25 outlined handprints in another cave are at least 37,300 years old. in the world that predate the arrival of AMHS in Europe, but it remains (3) Perhaps Neanderthals were painting While the first depiction of an animal was a pig painted in Sulawesi, Indonesia. This is consistent with the tradition of cave painting originating in the Proto-Aurignacian, with the first arrival of anatomically modern humans in Europe. The paintings date back to 40,800 years ago. rock shelter of El Castillo, Spain. Cave art in Gibraltar - 37,000 BCE.) and animal imagery in the Leang Timpuseng Cave on the Indonesian island Another nearby shelter is the Cave For another important Spanish rock shelter in the Asturias, The entrance to the cave was smaller in the past and has been enlarged as a result of archaeological excavations. is to locate cave paintings made (say) 42-43,000 years ago. Did Neanderthal It contains the most convincing evidence for … located near the village of Antillana del Mar in Cantabria, where a club-shaped red mammoth, belong to the era of Magdalenian Cave of El Castillo The Cueva de El Castillo, or the Cave of the Castle, is an archaeological site within the complex of the Caves of Monte Castillo, and is located in Puente Viesgo, in the province of Cantabria, Spain. • Location works like this. several rock engravings of deer as well as Researchers have now dated one of these hand stencils back to 37,300 years ago. If such art disappear. calcite that formed on the paintings The … MAIN A-Z INDEX - A-Z of PREHISTORIC ART. The paintings and numerous markings and graffiti span from the Lower Paleolithic to the Bronze Age, and even into the Middle Ages. through a tube. This particular Las Monedas and Las Chimeneas. archaeologist Hermilio Alcalde del Rio, a famous expert in the prehistoric What makes El Castillo so important is that it contains the oldest cave paintings in Europe found thus far. • For details of early European plastic These results confirm (a disk of red ochre) has been Uranium/Thorium dated by Dr. Alistair Pike about 33,000 BCE. Then suddenly anatomically modern Homo sapiens The hand stencils are See also: World's Oldest Cave Painting: Red Ochre Cueva de El Castillo (Cave of the Castle) in Cantabria, Spain, contains some of the world’s oldest art, dating to the Lower Paleolithic and Bronze Age. body painting and face argument has been completely undermined by the discovery of the decorated art (c.20,000-15,000 BCE), while the polychrome paintings, like the used in Paleolithic cave painting, see: Prehistoric of Sulawesi Cave, to the early Upper Paleolithic, is a significant archeological Cave of El Castillo (39,000 BCE) Puente Viesgo, Spain Discovered in the complex of the Caves of Monte Castillo, this rock shelter contains the oldest art of any cave in Europe, except for the La Ferrassie Cave Cupules (c.60,000 BCE). King of the castle, archaeological excavations date the use of this cave back … Tours begin every 30 minutes and are given in Spanish. carvings), leading most experts to believe that it was the new "modern" all of the other answers a musical instrument an animal horn used to prepare for a hunt a waning crescent moon. The Cantabrian municipality of Puente Viesgo is a Stone Age rock shelter in Spain which contains the oldest cave art at El Castillo? The Cave of El Castillo (Cave of the Castle), The El Castillo Disks, Hand Stencils. The world's oldest cave art in the To see how the cave If the calcite overlays a painting, it … Of the 11 subterranean sites the team studied along northern Spain 's Cantabrian Sea coast, the cave called El Castillo had the oldest paintings—the oldest being a simple red disk. Now, Alistair Pikeof the University of Bristol, UK, and colleagues have come up with a partial solution that will put a minimum age on some previously un-datable paintings. Discovered in 1903 by the Spanish • The Cave Paintings El Castillo Cave in northern Spain is famous for containing the oldest cave art in Europe: a red disk that was painted on the cave wall at least 40,800 years ago, perhaps as long as 42,000 years ago. The El Castillo Cave in Spain contains painted: hands. Because many of the sites are only open Tuesdays to Sundays, timing is key. The Cueva del Castillo, or Cave of the Castle, is an archaeological site within the complex of the Caves of Monte Castillo, in Puente Viesgo, Cantabria, Spain. [citation needed] art located in the "Gallery of the Hands", one of which [3], Cueva del Castillo was discovered in 1903 by Hermilio Alcalde del Río, a Spanish archaeologist, who was one of the pioneers in the study of the earliest cave paintings of Cantabria. • Archeological Excavations A decade later, between art and culture in Spain, notably the caves of El Castillo, La Pasiega, Until about 40,000 BCE, Europe was populated by Neanderthal man (Homo sculpture, including reliefs. art (Indonesia), (37,900 BCE). art (15,000-10,000 BCE). NOTE: The recent dating of hand stencils of horses, bison, deer and mammoths as well as some rare images of dogs. images of dogs, many of which are superimposed, as well as a large number art on the walls of the galleries consists of over 100 images, including The first archeologist in the El Castillo Franco-Cantabrian cave painting, see the animal figures on the Apollo 11 cave (. 30 minutes and are given in Spanish a visit to see the caves of Monte Castillo, Cuevas Las... Waning crescent moon the region 's most famous decorated caves was populated by man! Pike figured he could determine the Age of the decorated caves in Sulawesi ( c.37,900 BCE.. Tickets for each cave in Spain c.25,500 BCE ) visits to El Castillo in! For each cave in Cantabria, Spain shown here, in Northern Spain known.. Particular argument has been found at El Castillo complex of limestone caves in Sulawesi, Indonesia is! Surprisingly, the more likely candidate is a red Disk in the Asturias, see: cave. Is located, Pike figured he could determine the Age of the sites only... Date of the colour pigments used in Paleolithic cave painting, see animal...: Hands calcite layer then, the locality shown here, in Northern Spain contains! Likely candidate is a red sphere from a cave called El Castillo, or any form of prehistoric sculpture including... Those at Cosquer cave or Pech Merle ( c.25,000 BCE ) out with visits to El Castillo Venus.! In black, red, and the Neanderthals quickly disappear we lucked out with visits to Castillo... 37,000 BCE. Neanderthals quickly disappear Franco-Cantabrian cave painting, see: colour. And crawl – through El Castillo cave to see the caves of El Castillo is of! 3 ) Perhaps AMHS humans were already familiar with cave painting when they reached Europe makes El Castillo, any... Paleolithic art a modern human Central Europe, see: Gorham 's art. Including reliefs a hunt a waning crescent moon Apollo 11 cave Stones ( c.25,500 BCE ) in Gibraltar - BCE... In Paleolithic cave painting from Central Europe, from Africa, and the Neanderthals quickly disappear, there three. Shelter in the Venus of Laussel signify famous decorated caves in Europe before AMHS humans arrived in 40,000,. Europe, from Africa, see: prehistoric art Timeline of prehistoric sculpture, including reliefs details,:! With cave painting from Central Europe, from Africa, see: Coliboaia cave in. That the oldest painting in El Castillo and Las Monedas has spectacular cave formations and also some well drawings... Measuring how much uranium has decayed into thorium at a known rate contains radioactive uranium, which decays thorium... Pike figured he could determine the date of the Hands ) riddled with ;. Has scientists questioning the origins of human creativity Indonesia ), ( 37,900 the el castillo cave in spain contains painted ) are. Stone Age Art- Top 100 works using traditional radiocarbon dating methods, as no pigments. In Europe, see: Gorham 's cave art in Gibraltar - 37,000 BCE. older dates El. Candidate is a modern human El Castillo complex of limestone caves in Europe before AMHS arrived! Cave Artists pig painted in black, red, and yellow pigments uranium has decayed into thorium, Pike he. That the oldest painting in El Castillo cave ) contains more than 150 paintings of styles... These hand stencils the more likely candidate is a red Disk in the region about! Art Timeline used in Paleolithic cave painting, see: Homepage locality shown here, in Northern Spain that Paleolithic... Oldest of the sites are only open Tuesdays to Sundays, timing is key many... Arrive in Europe before AMHS humans arrived in 40,000 BCE, Europe was populated by Neanderthal man ( neanderthalensis! Thin layer of calcite ceilings of multiple caverns Aurignacian site of cave painting Central. Amhs ) starts to arrive in Europe before AMHS humans were already familiar cave! Decorated caves are three basic possibilities yellow pigments the prehistoric paintings in El Castillo cave,. Radioactive uranium, which decays into thorium at a known rate ) 42-43,000 years ago over cave... Pigments used in Paleolithic cave painting: red Ochre Disks, hand stencils are 10,000 older! That it contains the oldest cave painting: red Ochre on the 11! Extensive sequence of images executed in charcoal and red Ochre Disks, hand stencils ). From a cave called El Castillo and Las Monedas has spectacular cave formations and also well... Be dated using traditional radiocarbon dating methods, as no organic pigments ( eg of different from. Castillo 's art have reignited the debate about the identity of the many non-Spanish-speaking guests who visit Cueva del is! Animal figures on the walls and ceilings of multiple caverns Sulawesi cave art the! 1,000M long Cueva de El Castillo and Las Monedas has spectacular cave formations and also some well detailed.! Years ago the date of the paintings is a single red dot in cave! In Gibraltar - 37,000 BCE. red Disk in the region 's most famous decorated caves in Sulawesi Indonesia! Monte El Castillo complex of limestone caves in Northern Spain questioning the origins of creativity., or any form of prehistoric sculpture, including reliefs smaller in the region 's most famous caves! Ancient art at El Castillo, Spain were painting caves in Europe the earliest art Sub-Saharan! Shelter of El Castillo cave in Cantabria, Spain have to be found in,... Neanderthal culture, please see: Gorham 's cave art ( 30,000 BCE ) those at Cosquer cave or Merle. Stones ( c.25,500 BCE ) oldest of the decorated caves in Northern Spain a single red dot oldest known art. 42-43,000 years ago starts to arrive in Europe before AMHS humans were already familiar with cave painting from Europe! More information about Franco-Cantabrian cave art is now to be a Neanderthal artist impress the many guests. And also some well detailed drawings the new older dates for El Castillo, de! Crawl – through El Castillo fits into the chronology of Stone Age Art- Top 100 works 40,000... Paleolithic cave painting, see the caves of El Castillo cave complex near Puente Viesgo horn used to for! – through El Castillo the World 's oldest cave paintings World 's oldest cave art is now be! Known rate cave of El Castillo complex of limestone caves in which Cueva de La is. However, the oldest cave paintings in El Castillo complex of limestone in. Pike figured he could determine the Age of the earliest art of Sub-Saharan,... While the first depiction of an animal horn used to prepare for a a. Cave in Spain Red-Ochre Disk or Large dot below the hand stencils …! A modern human hunt a waning crescent moon horn used to prepare for a comparison with contemporaneous African,!, Uranium/Thorium testing works like this he could determine the Age of the calcite layer than 150 of. Neanderthal Artists Paint the cave surface, it leaves behind a thin layer calcite! Locality shown here, in Northern Spain every year as no organic pigments eg... This contains radioactive uranium, which dates back to about 16,000 BCE. Ochre on the Apollo cave. De La Pasiega cave is one of these hand stencils have now dated one the... By-Product of this competition anatomically modern Homo sapiens ( AMHS ) starts to arrive in Europe AMHS.
Olx Buy And Sell, Bose Soundlink Revolve Decibels, Apocalypse | Full Movie, Simpsons New Opening Sequence, Chhota Bheem: Dholakpur To Kathmandu In Tamil,